Nepenthes may be cultivated in greenhouses, terrariums, on windowsills and even outdoors.
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Highland Nepenthes are those species that grow in habitats that are generally higher up in elevation roughly above 3000ft above sea level, and thus exposed to cooler evening temperatures. Lowland plants are those species that grow below 3000ft above sea level. Hybrid generally can tolerate a wider temperature range then species, most hybrids will thrive in temperatures between 60-90f.
Nepenthes respond best to rainwater, bright light, and well drained but moisture holding medium such as sphagnum moss, perlite, charcoal, and coconut husk chips. Good air circulation and relatively high humidity is recommended. Some highland species such as N. villosa and N. rajah must have night-time cooling to thrive in the long-term. Chemical fertilizers are probably best avoided by novice grower or used at low strength. Occasional feeding with live or frozen (thawed before use) insects is beneficial. Terrarium culture of smaller plants like N. bellii, N. × trichocarpa and N. ampullaria is possible, but most plants will get too large over time.
Plants can be propagated by seed, cuttings, and tissue culture. Seeds may be sown on damp chopped Sphagnum moss, or on sterile plant tissue culture media once they have been properly disinfected. Seed may take months to germinate, and years to yield mature plants. Cuttings may be rooted in damp Sphagnum moss in a plastic bag or tank with high humidity and moderate light. They can begin to root in 1-2 months and start to form pitchers in about six months.